In the previous article, Tech Town and your business took a brief look at Metaverse and its impact in the future. Things can’t just stop there. The Metaverse is currently one of the most widely discussed issues and we’re all excited to see where it can take us. Metaverse will reshape the way we live, it’s no surprise that some tech giants like Microsoft and Apple are joining the race to develop Metaverse. That job is not easy. Before diving into the construction process, let’s take a look at the technologies behind Metaverse in this article.
The main technologies that make up the Metaverse
Metaverse requires a host of cutting-edge technologies and tools to create a super immersive experience. Among them, the most prominent technologies include:
Virtual Reality (VR)
This is probably the Metaverse technology that everyone will guess, because it is natural. VR creates a virtual environment on a computer, accessible to users through VR glasses, sensors, and gloves. These gadgets are usually connected to a PC or smartphone to display virtual images. By wearing VR glasses with enough coverage, the user becomes isolated from the environment of the real world.
Metaverse VR will allow users to hear, feel and interact with people around the world. By combining hardware devices and software solutions, it can provide a vivid, realistic environment that takes users wherever they want in seconds.
VR technology has made some impressive advances in recent years. For example, the growth of VR-based video games like Half-Life: Alyx will inevitably lead to mainstream adoption of the technology.
However, VR is not the only technology behind Metaverse. What other things?
Augmented reality (AR)
AR is a technology that combines digital visual elements with real-world vision. It uses computer vision to recognize real-world surroundings, while applying technologies such as object recognition, face recognition, and motion tracking. AR typically requires a camera and access to a screen to observe existing real-world surroundings and overlay additional information.
Metaverse AR will allow users to observe their surroundings with interactive digital images, giving them special and unique experiences. In fact, AR has changed the way we interact with the digital world. Now, trying on a new pair of sneakers is just a matter of using your smartphone’s camera.
Many famous brands have adopted AR and brought us new ways to interact with the world. Admit it, they are doing very well. For example, IKEA uses augmented reality to allow consumers to visualize how the company’s furniture will look in their homes.
It is predicted that the global AR market will reach $97.76 billion by 2028 and we may soon see new advancements in the AR metaverse.
The immutability and unbreakability of blockchain technology, coupled with the fast confirmation of information and secure transaction contracts, will certainly make it the key technology that constitutes the Metaverse.
From what we’ve seen so far, people will interact in a completely virtual environment within the Metaverse. Therefore, the underlying platform with which they will interact must be secure, and this is what blockchain is capable of. On top of that, the technology has many other benefits, such as decentralization, user administration, and interoperability, all of which make it an ideal fit for Metaverse.
There is also no doubt that Metaverse will rely on NFTs, which are the best way to identify and transfer ownership of digital assets. We can expect all avatars, objects, skills, and other assets in the Metaverse to be presented as NFTs.
There are many compelling examples of Metaverse cryptocurrency, which are solutions that combine blockchain technology and crypto-assets, such as Decentraland’s metaverse or NFT metaverse tokens, Axie Infinity, and The Sandbox. These are the most widely known Metaverse projects, these platforms use items such as digital land or digital objects represented by different types of metaverse tokens, the ownership of which is always stored on the blockchain.
To create a realistic immersive experience and make the metaverse really work, we’ll need a technology that scans the real world, builds a 3D model of it, and transfers this model to the virtual world. Fortunately, there is a solution that makes this possible. By using 3D reconstruction technology (3D reconstruction), we can create spaces that look as natural, as similar to the real world as possible.
3D reconstruction renders accurate realistic 3D models of the physical world, including buildings, locations, and objects. Then, the 3D spatial data, along with the 4K HD image, creates a virtual copy in the Metaverse. Through this process, Metaverse 3D provides spatially realistic and fully immersive user experience.
Companies like Nikon, Zeiss, and Faro already have 3D reconstruction sensors. Although quite expensive, these devices can be accurate to units even smaller than a millimeter. There are also other more affordable solutions, such as Apple’s LIDAR and Microsoft’s Azure Kinect.
Artificial intelligence (AI)
AI has the potential to process a lot of data at very fast speeds while learning from previous interactions. Thanks to these capabilities, AI has been widely used in scenarios ranging from business strategic planning and decision making to facial recognition and data classification.
Basically, there are 2 main scenarios for applying artificial intelligence to Metaverse development. First, AI can be applied to non-player-controlled characters (aka NPCs) to simplify lifelike conversations with users and perform certain tasks. Second, AI can be used to create metaverse avatars, we can use AI engine to analyze 3D scans and create more realistic avatars. AI can also generate facial expressions, clothes, etc. to further enhance the digital avatar.
Internet of Things
To build a successful project, we will need to create a real-time simulation in the metaverse. That’s how we come to another transcendent technology – the Internet of Things. There are several notable applications of IoT in Metaverse. But first, let’s find out how this technology works.
IoT uses devices and sensors to connect everything in the physical world to the Internet. All these connected devices have a unique identifier, they are capable of sending and receiving information automatically. Now, IoT has made it possible to connect voice-activated speakers, thermostats, and other devices with a variety of data.
One of the main uses of IoT in Metaverse will be to collect and deliver data from the physical world. For example, IoT Feeds are used to change how objects in the metaverse behave based on different conditions (e.g. current weather), which will help increase the overall accuracy of the data. digital show.
Other characteristics of a Metaverse project
Since it’s a digital world with so many scenarios, Metaverse will likely have many different features. We will only focus on the most prominent features:
- Coverability: The Metaverse must provide the most optimal coverage for all objects and avatars to be usable in any existing Metaverse.
- Fully developed economy: Individuals can create and consume goods in any environment and regardless of who manages it.
- Interoperability: Users must be able to communicate and interact with other users and Metaverses.
- Persistence: Metaverse cannot be paused or reset, it will live continuously to ensure a realistic experience for everyone.
There will be a lot more technology applied to build the Metaverse that we will see. The sooner they are visualized, the more likely the Metaverse will become a reality. And we won’t stop here, don’t forget to read Tech Town’s next articles about Metaverse.
Hopefully the information Tech Town brings will be useful to businesses.
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